Grace Pickstock of Wigan, 1764

I know how difficult it can be to trace people back through a move, so I offer this information in case someone with an interest in the PICKSTOCK family in Lancashire has got back to the late 1700s. The two abstracts (i.e. summaries, not transcriptions) below come from the Quarter Sessions microfilms at Lancashire Record Office and concern removals of a Pickstock family from Wigan into Cheshire. Or not.

Poor Law Removal, Grace Pickstock, May 1764

Reference QSP/1861/10 Lancashire Record Office, microfilm

To the Church-wardens and Overseers of the Poor of the Borough of Wigan, and also to the Church-wardens and Overseers of the Poor of Stanthorne in Cheshire;

The above of Wigan are to convey “Grace Pickstock widow and Jonathan and Elizabeth her children”

Grace Pickstock and her children are currently dwelling in Wigan, have no legal settlement there, are poor and are likely to become chargeable to Wigan. Their last place of lawful settlement was at Stanthorne in Cheshire. It is judged that their legal settlement is at Stanthorne.

The document requires the Church-wardens and Overseers of the Poor of Wigan to convey them to Stanthorne.

Dated 11 May 1764

Handwritten note at foot “Res: on appeal by consent” (whatever that means)

Handwritten note at foot “Delivered the within mentioned persons May the 12 1764 to the Overseer of Stanthorn near Middlewich in Cheshire”

Poor Law Removal, Grace Pickstock, October 1764

Reference QSP/1869/33 Lancashire Record Office, microfilm

To the Church-wardens and Overseers of the Poor of the Borough of Wigan, and also to the Church-wardens and Overseers of the Poor of Newton near Middlewich in Cheshire;

The above of Wigan are to convey “Grace Pickstock widow and Jonathan and Elizabeth her children”

Grace Pickstock and her children are currently dwelling in Wigan, have no legal settlement there, are poor and are likely to become chargeable to Wigan. It is judged that their legal settlement is at Newton.

They are to be removed from Wigan to Newton, Cheshire.

Dated 9 October 1764

No note confirming the delivery of the people.

Did she stay?

It seems unlikely that Grace and her children stayed in Cheshire, for the following record appears on the Lancashire Online Parish Clerk site:

Marriage: 4 Nov 1765 All Saints, Wigan, Lancashire, England
Henry Filding – (X), of Wigan
Grace Pickstock – (X), of Wigan
Witness: Gerd. Bancks; Wm. Wadson
Married by Banns by: Thos. Edge
Register: Marriages 1754 – 1775, Page 229
Source: LDS Film 1885674

Warning – this marriage and all the later parish register entries may not be the same person – they’re just the same name in the same area. I’ve not checked through to see if there are others with the same name, but Pickstock is not a common name. If this is the same Grace, then she didn’t stay in Cheshire on either occasion, but returned to the Wigan area.

Why is this important? Because the place of lawful settlement for a married woman was, so far as I understand, that of her husband. So it seems likely that Grace’s first husband came from mid-Cheshire. Who was he? The only marriage of a Grace to a Pickstock on the Lancashire Online Parish Clerk site is this:

Marriage: 28 Dec 1758 All Saints, Wigan, Lancashire, England
Abraham Pickstock – (X), of Wigan
Grace Chisnall – (X), of Holland
Witness: Gerd. Bancks; John Grant
Married by Banns by: Thos. Edge
Register: Marriages 1754 – 1775, Page 76
Source: LDS Film 1885674

Further, the LDS Family Search Pilot site has these entries:

  • Jonathan Pickstock baptised 26 July 1760 at Wigan to Abraham and Grace Pickstock
  • Elisabeth Pickstock baptised 30 January 1762 at Wigan to Abraham and Grace Pickstock
  • Abraham Pickstock, cordwainer, buried 7 February 1764 at Wigan.

So it all fits. Grace Chisnall marries Abraham Pickstock in 1758, they have two children, he dies in February 1764 and three months later, in May, worried that the Widow Pickstock might become a charge on Wigan (might, note), the Overseers of the Poor in Wigan apply to have her sent to Cheshire.

We can speculate that she found no welcome in Cheshire, for by October she is back in Wigan, is removed to Cheshire again, and still returns to marry Henry Fielding a year later. Was that something of a marriage of convenience?

As for Abraham, I suspect him to be one of the Pickstocks of mid-Cheshire, who I’m interested in. Probably the one baptised on 17 March 1720 at Middlewich, Cheshire, to Jonathan Pickstock.

Did Abraham Pickstock have any Pickstock descendants in Lancashire? At first I thought not, for it looks like his son, Jonathan Pickstock, is buried at Wigan on 18 May 1766. However, daughter Elisabeth Pickstock seems to go on to have two illegitimate children:

  • Mary Pickstock baptised 16 September 1787 at Chorley to Elisabeth Pickstock (no father)
  • James Pickstock baptised 26 May 1799 at Chorley to Elisabeth Pickstock (no father)

And James? Well, is he the one at Chorley in the 1851 census with a nice big family to form some of the Pickstocks of Lancashire?

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About brucefuimus

Retired IT professional; family historian and mathematician by training.
This entry was posted in Family history, Pickstock. Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to Grace Pickstock of Wigan, 1764

  1. Sue Jones says:

    It always pays to google. James Pickstock was transported to Tasmania in 1821 on the Lord Hungerford. I am following his family.
    Love to know more

  2. Pingback: James Pickstock of Chorley | Bruce of South Cheshire Family History

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